Morning Planets Venus and Mars shine brightly in the sky before sunrise. Venus is low in the east, while Mars is in the southern sky.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Venus is now in Gemini, moving through the constellation for the remainder of August. In the starfield, it is 2.5° to the lower right of Mu Geminorum (μ Gem on the photo), 4.6° above Gamma Geminorum (γ Gem), and 0.7° to the upper right of Nu Geminorum (ν Gem). The crescent moon (24.7d, 24%) is over 13° above Venus. (See this article about this morning’s scene with the moon and Venus.)
Mars is high in the southern sky among dim stars in Pisces. During the next several weeks, Mars is near the three stars marked in the photograph above.
This morning the Red Planet is 1.0° to the lower left of Mu Piscium (μ Psc) and 2.4° to the right of Nu Piscium (ν Psc).
Mars continues to March eastward in Pisces until next month when it reverses its apparent direction in the sky. Watch it move away from μ Psc and pass ν Psc. On October 6, Mars is closest to Earth during this Martian appearance in the morning sky. At that time, it is near μ Psc again. A week later, Mars is to the right of the star. On that morning, Mars and the sun are in opposite directions in our sky.
This evening, locate Jupiter and Saturn in the southeastern sky after sunset.
Tomorrow morning, Venus and the crescent moon make a beautiful. Get your camera ready!
The first sightings of Sirius by the unaided eye occur during the next few mornings about 45 minutes before sunrise.
Here is a daily summary about the planets during August.
October 23, 2021: This morning the bright moon is near the Pleiades star cluster. Mercury is making its best morning appearance. In the evening sky, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn are easy to spot.
October 22. 2021: Speedy Mercury is low in the east before sunrise. It is putting on its best morning performance of the year. Arcturus, in the east-northeast, is about the same altitude as Mercury.
October 21-November 1, 2021: Brilliant Venus steps through Ophiuchus to the upper left of the star Antares in the southwest after sunset . Afterward, the planet steps farther eastward.
October 21, 2021: The bright moon is low in the west about an hour before sunrise. Mercury is in the east at about the same altitude as Arcturus. Venus, Saturn, and Jupiter shine from the evening sky.
December 18, 2021: This is the anticipated launch date of the James Webb Space Telescope, the largest and most sophisticated space telescope view the universe.