2020, December 7: Moon in Leo, Morning Star Venus, Jupiter Nears Saturn

Moon in Leo, December 7, 2020
2020, December 7: An hour before sunrise, the slightly gibbous is two-thirds of the way up in the south-southwest between Regulus and Denebola in Leo.

In the morning before sunrise, the slightly gibbous moon is in Leo, between Regulus and Denebola.  Brilliant Morning Star Venus is low in the southeast, stepping eastward in Virgo.  With the Great Conjunction in two weeks, Jupiter is near Saturn in the southwest after sunset.  Mars marches eastward among the stars of Pisces.

by Jeffrey L. Hunt

Chicago, Illinois:  Sunrise, 7:05 a.m. CST; Sunset, 4:20 p.m. CST.  Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times in your location. Add the time intervals in the notes to your local sunrise or sunset times.

Morning: About an hour before sunrise, the slightly gibbous moon is two-thirds of the way up in the south-southwest between Regulus and Denebola in Leo.  The moon is below a line that connects the two stars.

Denebola is taken to mean “the Lion’s Tail.” Other stars have the name “Deneb” in them.  In Cygnus, Deneb marks the “Swan’s Tail.”  In Capricornus, Deneb Algedi is the “Kid’s Tail,” while in Cetus, Deneb Kaitos is the “Monster’s Tail.”

Venus in Libra, December 7, 2020
2020, December 7: Venus is 4.5° to the lower left of Zubenelgenubi and 0.8° to the lower left of Nu Librae (ν Lib).

At this hour, Venus is low in the southeast in front of the stars of Libra.  It is 4.5° to the lower left of Zubenelgenubi – the “Northern Claw.”  The “Southern Claw,” Zubeneschamali is nearby.  Use a binocular to see dim Nu Librae (ν Lib), 0.8° to the upper right of Venus.

Morning detailed note: One hour before sunrise, the moon (22.3d, 56%) – over 60° in altitude in the south-southwest – is over 10° to the upper left of Regulus and nearly 15° to the lower right of Denebola (β Leo, m = 2.1). The lunar orb is below a line that connects the two stars.  At this time, brilliant Venus shines from low in the southeast.  It is 4.5° to the lower left of Zubenelgenubi and 0.8° to the lower left of ν Lib.  Look at the starfield with a binocular.  The trio is nearly in a line. 

See our summary about Venus during December 2020 and the feature article  about Venus as a Morning Star.

Jupiter and Saturn, December 7, 2020
2020, December 7: Jupiter – over 17° up in the southwest – is 3.0° to the left of 56 Sagittarii (56 Sgr). Saturn is 4.2° to the upper left of that star and 3.9° to the lower right of Sigma Capricorni (σ Cap).

Evening: In the evening sky, Jupiter continues to slowly close in on Saturn. In two weeks, Jupiter passes Saturn for the Great Conjunction of 2020.  One hour after sunset, find bright Jupiter less than one-fourth of the way up in the southwest.  Saturn, not as bright as Jupiter – is 1.5° away from the Jovian Giant. Each clear evening, use a binocular to watch Jupiter and Saturn move compared to the stars.  This evening Jupiter is 3.0° to the left of 56 Sagittarii (56 Sgr on the chart), while Saturn is 4.2° to the upper left of that star.  The Ringed Wonder slowly approaches Sigma Capricorni (σ Cap).  The gap tonight is 3.9°.  Saturn is to the lower right of the star.

Mars in Pisces, December 7, 2020
2020, December 7: Mars is inside a triangle formed by dim stars Epsilon Piscium (ε Psc), Zeta Piscium (ζ Psc), and 80 Piscium (80 Psc). It is 1.2° to the lower left of ε Psc and 1.5° to the upper right of ζ Psc. It is to the right of a line from ε Psc to ζ Psc.

Read about Mars during December.

Farther east, rusty Mars is about halfway up in the southeast.  The planet is slowly moving eastward in Pisces.  Use a binocular to observe that it is inside a small triangle made by Epsilon Piscium (ε Psc on the chart), Zeta Piscium (ζ Psc) and 80 Piscium (80 Psc).  Each clear evening watch the Red Planet move compared to this triangle and as it emerges on its east side in a few evenings.  Tonight, it is 1.2° to the lower left of ε Psc and 1.5° to the upper right of ζ Psc. It is to the right of a line from ε Psc to ζ Psc.

The moon is at its Last Quarter phase at 6:37 p.m. CST.

Evening detailed note: One hour after sunset, Jupiter is over 17° up in the southwest, 1.5° to the lower right of Saturn.Jupiter continues to close the gap to Saturn. Great Conjunction Countdown: 14 days.  Continue to watch the nightly change with a binocular.  Jupiter is 3.0° to the left of 56 Sgr.  Saturn is 4.2° to the upper left of that star and 3.9° to the lower right of σ Cap.  Mars shines from the southeast, nearly halfway up in the sky.  The Red Planet is inside a triangle formed by dim stars ε Psc, ζ Psc, and 80 Psc.  It is 1.2° to the lower left of ε Psc and 1.5° to the upper right of ζ Psc. It is to the right of a line from ε Psc to ζ Psc. The moon is at its Last Quarter phase at 6:37 p.m. CST.

For more about the Great Conjunction, read our feature article. This is the closest Jupiter – Saturn conjunction since 1623.

Here is more about the planets during December 2020.

Moon in the Bull's Horns. October 8, 2020

2021, August 14: Waxing Moon, Stellar Double

August 14, 2021: This evening the waxing moon is near Zubenelgenubi, the southern claw, that is a stellar double.  Use a binocular to see both stars that are in a gravitation dance.

Moon and Venus, August 15, 2020

2021, August 13: Evening Sky, Bright Planets

August 13, 2021: This evening the crescent moon appears between Evening Star Venus and Spica as the lunar slice dances eastward.  Jupiter and Saturn are in the southeastern sky.

The crescent moon, November 19, 2020

2021, August 12: Evening Sky, Lunar Dance

August 12, 2021: This evening the crescent moon appears between Venus and Spica as the lunar slice dances eastward.

2021, May 13: The crescent moon is 3.2° to the upper left of Mercury.

2021, August 11: Waxing Moon, Evening Star

August 11, 2021:  The waxing crescent moon is to the upper left of Evening Star Venus this evening in the western sky.

The Crescent Moon, November 16, 2020

2021, August 10: Evening Star Venus, Crescent Moon

August 10, 2021:  The crescent moon is near Venus in the western sky after sunset.



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