December 10, 2020: The Great Conjunction countdown: 11 days. Jupiter and Saturn are in the southwest as night falls. Bright Mars is in the southeast.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Chicago, Illinois: Sunrise, 7:08 a.m. CST; Sunset, 4:20 p.m. CST. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.
Bright Mars is about halfway up in the southeast as night falls. Like the other worlds, Mars moves eastward compared to the starry background as it revolves around the sun.
It is in front of the dim stars of Pisces as it marches eastward. It is now east of a dim, tiny triangle formed by Epsilon Piscium (ε Psc on the chart), Zeta Piscium (ζ Psc), and 80 Piscium (80 Psc).
The planet is heading toward a region below Pi Piscium (π Psc). Mars passes about 1.0° below the star on December 31. In the new year, the Red Planet moves into Aries and moves far below Hamal later in January.
The Great Conjunction of 2020 is 11 days away! As night falls, Jupiter and Saturn are low in the southwest. Jupiter is over 81° to the west of Mars.
Jupiter is the bright star low in the sky, brighter than Mars in the southeast. Saturn is nearby, to Jupiter’s upper left. It is dimmer than Jupiter, but brighter than the other stars in the region.
Do not confuse Jupiter with the star Fomalhaut that is almost directly south and nearly the same altitude above the horizon.
Jupiter continues to inch closer to Saturn in the sky. This evening the Jovian Giant is 1.0° to the lower right of the Ringed Wonder.
Read about Mars during December.
Detailed note: In the evening, one hour after sunset, Mars (m = −0.8) is nearly halfway up in the southeastern sky. The Red Planet is now east of the small triangle formed by ε Psc, ζ Psc, and 80 Psc. It is 1.9° to the lower left of ε Psc, 0.8° to the upper right of ζ Psc, and 2.2° to the upper left of 80 Psc. Jupiter is over 16° up in the southwest, 81.4° of ecliptic longitude west of Mars. In the southwest, Saturn is 1.0° to the upper left of the brighter planet. Great Conjunction Countdown: 11 days.
Read more about the planets during December.
January 3, 2022: The moon passes Venus for the final time of this evening appearance of Venus. As night falls, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter are visible in the southwest. Mars is in the southeast before sunrise.
December 30, 2021: As the year ends and the new one opens, the night sky’s brightest star – Sirius – is in the southern sky at the midnight hour.
December 31, 2021: This morning before sunup, the thin waning crescent moon appears near Mars and the star Antares. Four planets – Venus, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter – are on parade in the southwest after sundown.
December 30, 2021: The morning crescent moon seems to be captured in the Scorpion’s pincers to the upper right of Mars. Four Evening Planets – Venus, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter – are in the southwest after sundown.
December 28, 2021: The Great Andromeda Galaxy is nearly overhead at the end of the evening twilight.