March 21, 2021: Jupiter and Saturn are visible in the southeastern sky before sunrise. During the evening, the slightly gibbous moon is 25° to the upper left of Mars.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Chicago, Illinois: Sunrise, 6:52 a.m. CDT; Sunset, 7:04 p.m. CDT. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.
The giant-planet pair – Jupiter and Saturn – is low in the southeastern sky before sunrise. Saturn is the highest, over 11° above the southeast horizon. Jupiter – the brighter planet of the duo – is 10.6° to the lower left of Saturn and only 7.0° above the horizon.
This evening the slightly gibbous moon is over 70° in altitude above the south-southwest horizon. The moon’s terminator – the line that separates daylight from darkness – is slightly curved, indicating a gibbous phase. The lunar orb is 54% illuminated this evening.
The reflected sunlight from the moon’s surface is bright enough to illuminate the ground and to cast shadows. Step outside and let your eyes acclimate to the darkness.
The moon is front of the stars of Gemini, 2.6° to the upper left of Mu Geminorum (μ Gem on the chart).
Mars is farther west and lower in the sky in Taurus, over 25° to the lower right of the moon. It is approaching the star Tau Tauri (τ Tau). The separation is 2.0° this evening. Mars is easy to see without optical aid. Use a binocular to see the dimmer stars with the planet.
Here’s more about Mars during 2021.
Read about Mars during March.
Detailed Note: Forty-five minutes before sunrise, Saturn is over 11° in altitude above the southeast horizon. Jupiter – 7.0° up in the east-southeast – is 10.6° to the lower left of Saturn. The moon is at its First Quarter phase at 9:40 a.m. CDT. One hour after sunset, the moon (8.6d, 54%) – in Gemini – is over 70° above the south-southwest horizon, 2.6° to the upper left of Mu Geminorum (μ Gem, m = 2.8). Mars – over 50° above the west-southwestern horizon – is 2.0° to the lower right of τ Tau.
Read more about the planets during March 2021.
June 15, 2021: The moon is with the Sickle of Leo this evening. Step outside about an hour after sunset to find the crescent moon that is about 30% illuminated over one-third of the way up in the west.
July 12, 2021: Venus – Mars conjunction evening. Evening Star Venus passes 0.5° to the upper right of the Red Planet. The crescent moon is nearby. This is the first of three conjunctions of Venus and Mars – a triple conjunction.
July 1, 2021: Saturn and Mars are in opposite directions in the sky. Mars sets as Saturn rises. In about a week, the two planets are visible in the sky at the same time. This event signals that the planet parade is starting to reorganize. During July, three other planet – planet oppositions occur, leading up to a challenging view of the five bright planets during mid-August.
June 13, 2021: After sunset, look for the thin crescent moon near Mars. The lunar sliver is also to the upper left of the star Pollux.
June 11, 2021: During the early evening brilliant Evening Star Venus and the crescent moon appear together in the west-northwest after sunset. The pairing is the second closest during this appearance of Venus in the evening sky.