July Early Mornings, 2021: Step outside as morning twilight begins, about two hours before sunrise. Look high in the south for the Summer Triangle, high above Jupiter and Saturn.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
The Summer Triangle – Vega, Altair, and Deneb – are high in the south as morning twilight begins. At mid-northern latitudes, this occurs about 2 hours before sunrise.
The pattern’s moniker is from the triangle pattern dotted by the three bright stars. During early summer the stars begin the night low in the eastern sky after sunset. As the night progresses, the stars are higher in the sky, reaching south as morning twilight begins.
Vega is part of the constellation Lyra. The harp is made by a tiny parallelogram attached to a miniature triangle that includes Vega.
Altair is part of Aquilla. The pattern somewhat resembles an eagle or at least its wings are evident.
Deneb belongs to Cygnus the Swan. Sometimes the pattern is known as the Northern Cross. The star is the tail of the Swan.
In a dark sky, without streetlights or a bright moon, the bird seems to be flying southward along the Milky Way.
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October 26, 2021: Mercury is at its greatest morning appearance for the year. Look low in the east-southeast before sunrise.
October 25, 2021: This morning the bright gibbous moon seems to be caught between the horns of Taurus. Mercury is making its best morning appearance. The planet pack – Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn are in the evening sky.
October 24, 2021: Saturn is at its closest to Jupiter as the Jovian Giant picks up eastward speed. The morning moon and Mercury are visible before sunrise. Brilliant Evening Star Venus, Saturn, and Jupiter are in the sky after sunset.
October 23, 2021: This morning the bright moon is near the Pleiades star cluster. Mercury is making its best morning appearance. In the evening sky, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn are easy to spot.
October 22. 2021: Speedy Mercury is low in the east before sunrise. It is putting on its best morning performance of the year. Arcturus, in the east-northeast, is about the same altitude as Mercury.