2022, January 3: Venus – Moon Conjunction

January 3, 2022:  The moon passes Venus for the final time of this evening appearance of Venus.  As night falls, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter are visible in the southwest.  Mars is in the southeast before sunrise.

2022, January 3: Venus, Mercury, and the crescent moon.
Photo Caption – 2022, January 3: Venus, Mercury, and the crescent moon.

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by Jeffrey L. Hunt

Chicago, Illinois:  Sunrise, 7:18 a.m. CST; Sunset, 4:31 p.m. CST.  Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.

2022, January 3: Thirty minutes after sunset, Venus and the crescent moon are low in the southwestern sky.
Chart Caption – 2022, January 3: Thirty minutes after sunset, Venus and the crescent moon are low in the southwestern sky.

This evening, Venus and the crescent moon make their final appearance together as the Evening Star leaves the sky enroute to the morning sky.

Find a clear horizon toward the southwest.  An elevated structure or a hilltop with a good southwestern view may provide a better view.

About 30 minutes after sunset, Venus is only 3.5° up in the southwest. It is bright enough to be seen without the optical assist from a binocular, but use one to initially to find Venus.  The crescent moon, only 2% illuminated, is 11.5° to the left of the Evening Star.

Mercury is bright enough to be visible at this hour.  In a binocular, it is in the same field of view as the moon, 4.5° above the lunar slice.

Morning Sky

2022, January 3: Before sunup, Mars and Antares are in the southeast.
Chart Caption – 2022, January 3: Before sunup, Mars and Antares are in the southeast.

This morning Mars continues its slow climb into the southeastern sky before sunup.  At 45 minutes before sunrise, the Red Planet is over 10° up in the southeast, 6.5° to the left of Antares.  They fit in the same binocular field of view.

Mars continues its eastward trek through the constellation Ophiuchus until later this month as Venus skips into the morning sky after its inferior conjunction on January 8.

Evening Sky

2022, January 3: Four evening planets – Venus, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter – are in the southwest after sundown.
Chart Caption – 2022, January 3: Four evening planets – Venus, Mercury, Saturn, and Jupiter – are in the southwest after sundown.

Forty-five minutes after sundown, Venus is below the horizon and the moon is very challenging to see.  Bright Mercury is about 7° up in the sky in the southwest.  Brighter Jupiter is less than 30° to the upper left of Mercury and nearly 19° to the upper left of Saturn.

The Ringed Wonder is 10.0° to the upper left of Mercury.  That’s about the distance across your fist – from thumb knuckle to pinky finger knuckle – when you extend your arm.

What is the last evening you see Venus?  Inferior conjunction is five days away.

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