Brilliant Morning Star Venus, the star Spica, and planet Mercury appear in the east-southeast together. Venus is passing Spica. Mercury is making its best morning appearance of the year.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Chicago, Illinois: Sunrise, 6:45 a.m. CST; Sunset, 4:27 p.m. CST. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.
Venus continues to shine as the bright Morning Star in the east-southeast before sunrise. It is moving eastward compared to the stars in Virgo. The planet rises about 2 hours, 40 minutes before sunrise. This morning it is 4.3° to the left of the star Spica.
By 45 minutes before sunrise, bright Mercury is over 13° to the lower left of Venus. This speedy planet rises about 90 minutes before sunrise.
Mercury is making its best morning appearance before sunrise. The planet is rarely visible in a dark sky and almost always during morning twilight or evening twilight.
During the autumn months before sunrise, the plane of the solar system is highly inclined to the horizon so that Mercury is easier to observe. The same occurs during the evening hours of springtime. The planet had a fine appearance during late May 2020.
Detailed note: One hour before sunrise, brilliant Venus is over 16° in altitude in the east-southeast, 4.3° to the left of Spica. Among the dimmer stars of Virgo, Venus is 0.7° to the upper right of 82 Virginis (82 Vir, m = 5.0). The Venus – Mercury gap is 13.4°. Fifteen minutes later, Mercury is about 7° up in the east-southeast.
Read more about the planets during November.
January 2, 2023: Bright winter stars are in the western sky before sunrise. After sundown, four planets, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars, along with the moon are visible.
January 1, 2023: The Scorpion crawls into the southeastern sky before sunrise. After sunset, four bright planets and gibbous moon are along an arc across the sky.
December 31, 2022: Mercury begins to depart the evening sky, leaving four bright planets – Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars on display for New Year’s Eve.