December 22, 2020: Jupiter inches away from Saturn as the gap between the planets grows slightly. The gibbous moon and Red Planet Mars are on the southeast after sunset.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Chicago, Illinois: Sunrise, 7:16 a.m. CST; Sunset, 4:24 p.m. CST. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.
As the sky darkens, Jupiter and Saturn are still close together in the southwest. Jupiter is to the upper left of Saturn. The gap is slightly larger than last night. On following nights, the gap continues to grow. The two planets will not be this close together again until 2080 – three great conjunctions away.
You can see the planets easily in the southwest from about 45 minutes after sunset until about 90 minutes after sunset. They set in the west over 2 hours after the sun disappears below the horizon.
Farther eastward, the bright gibbous moon is to the lower right of Mars in the southeast. The moon is over 60% illuminated.
Mars continues its eastward march in Pisces. Use a binocular to find it about midway between Zeta Piscium (ζ Psc on the chart) and dim Pi Piscium (π Psc).
Mars is in the south about 3 hours after sunset. It sets in the west over 5 hours before sunrise.
Read about Mars during December.
Detailed note: Forty-five minutes after sunset, Jupiter and Saturn are less than 14° in altitude above the southwest horizon. The Jupiter – Saturn gap is 0.1° (602 arcseconds.) Jupiter is to the left of Saturn. As the sky darkens further, the bright gibbous moon (8.3d, 60%) – about halfway up in the sky in the southeast is nearly 13° to the lower right of Mars. Use a binocular to spot the starfield behind Mars. The planet is nearly midway from ζ Psc to π Psc, but slightly below a line that connects them. Mars is 3.6° to the left of ζ Psc and 3.7° to the lower right of π Psc.
Read more about the planets during December.
August 3, 2021: Four planets appear in the evening sky. Brilliant Evening Star Venus and dim Mars are in the west after sunset. A little later during the evening, Saturn and Jupiter are easily visible in the southeast.
August 2, 2021: Saturn is at opposition with the sun. Earth is between the sun and the planet.
August 1 – 6, 2021: The morning moon wanes toward its New moon phase in the eastern sky. It passes the bright stars that are prominent in the evening sky during the winter season in the northern hemisphere. The stars have been making their first appearances in the morning sky during summer. At this hour, Procyon and bright Sirius are the last stellar duo to appear.
August 6, 2021: In the northern hemisphere, summer’s midpoint occurs today at 6:27 p.m. CDT.
July 31, 2021: The slightly gibbous moon, nearing its Last Quarter phase, is in the southeast as morning twilight begins. It is near the planet Uranus, easily within reach of a binocular. Mira, a variable star, reaches its brightest next month.