2021, April 22: Bright Jupiter, Saturn, Morning Sky

April 22, 2021:  Bright Jupiter and Saturn are in the southeast before sunrise.  Jupiter approaches the Capricornus Aquarius border, while Saturn is near the star Theta Capricorni.

2021, April 22: Bright planets Jupiter and Saturn are in the southeast before sunrise. Capricornus is the starry backdrop for the planets.
Chart Caption – 2021, April 22: Bright planets Jupiter and Saturn are in the southeast before sunrise. Capricornus is the starry backdrop for the planets.

by Jeffrey L. Hunt

Chicago, Illinois:  Sunrise, 5:59 a.m. CDT; Sunset, 7:40 p.m. CDT.  Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.

The sun is rising before 6 a.m. CDT in Chicago.  Because it is far east in the time zone, sunrise occurs earlier than places farther west in the zone.  In Omaha, Nebraska, the sun rises over 35 minutes later than Chicago’s sunrise time this morning.

The bright morning planets are in the southeast before sunrise.

Bright Jupiter is the brightest “star” in the region. One hour before sunrise, the planet is 14.0° above the east-southeast horizon.  Saturn is 14.3° to the upper right of the Jovian Giant.

In the starfield, Jupiter is 3.7° to the upper right of Deneb Algiedi (δ Cap on the chart), 0.9° to the lower left of Mu Capricorni (μ Cap), and 2.3° to the upper right of Iota Aquarii (ι Aqr).  In three mornings, the planet moves into Aquarius.

Saturn is slowly moving toward Theta Capricorni (θ Cap).  The gap this morning is 2.3°.  The Ringed Wonder is to the upper right of the star.

Use a binocular to spot the stars with the planets.

Detailed Note: One hour before sunrise, Jupiter is 14.0° above the east-southeast horizon.  Use a binocular to find the nearby background stars.  Jupiter is 3.7° to the upper left of Deneb Algiedi, 0.9° to the lower left of μ Cap, and 2.3° to the upper right of ι Aqr. The gap between Jupiter and Saturn continues to widen as Jupiter moves faster eastward than the Ringed Wonder.  This morning Saturn – over 18° up in the southeast – is 14.3° to the upper right of Jupiter. Saturn is 1.3° to the upper right of θ Cap. Twenty minutes after sunset, Venus is over 2° up in the west-northwest.  Have you spotted it?  As the sky darkens further, the moon (11.0d, 78%) is about two-thirds of the way up in the sky above the south-southeast horizon.  It is 8.5° to the lower left of Regulus.  Use a binocular to spot the star Rho Leonis (ρ Leo, m = 3.8), 4.7° to the lower right of the moon.  Mars is farther westward, less than 40° above the west horizon, and 4.6° to the lower right of Propus. Use a binocular to spot the Red Planet, 2.5° to the lower right of the star cluster M35.

Read more about the planets during April 2021.

2021, May 13: The crescent moon is 3.2° to the upper left of Mercury.

2021, August 11: Waxing Moon, Evening Star

August 11, 2021:  The waxing crescent moon is to the upper left of Evening Star Venus this evening in the western sky.

The Crescent Moon, November 16, 2020

2021, August 10: Evening Star Venus, Crescent Moon

August 10, 2021:  The crescent moon is near Venus in the western sky after sunset.

2021, May 13: The crescent moon is 3.2° to the upper left of Mercury.

2021, August 9: Evening Moon, Mars

August 9, 2021: After the New moon yesterday morning, the crescent moon appears in the evening sky during bright twilight near Mars.

2021, May 13: Brilliant Venus, Mercury, and the crescent moon in the evening sky.

2021, August 3: Four Evening Planets: Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter

August 3, 2021:  Four planets appear in the evening sky.  Brilliant Evening Star Venus and dim Mars are in the west after sunset.  A little later during the evening, Saturn and Jupiter are easily visible in the southeast.

Saturn (NASA)

2021, August 2: Saturn at Opposition

August 2, 2021: Saturn is at opposition with the sun.  Earth is between the sun and the planet.



Categories: Astronomy, Sky Watching

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