May 13, 2021: Bright Jupiter and Saturn are the morning planets in the southeast before sunrise.
by Jeffrey L. Hunt
Chicago, Illinois: Sunrise, 5:32 a.m. CDT; Sunset, 8:02 p.m. CDT. Check local sources for sunrise and sunset times for your location.
From Chicago’s latitude, daylight’s length is 14.5 hours. Day length has gained 30 minutes in less than 2 weeks.
The morning planet parade continues with two of the five bright planet visible in the southeast before sunup.
One hour before sunrise, Saturn is nearly 25° above the south-southeast horizon. It is slowly moving eastward compared to the stellar background of Capricornus. The planet is 0.7° to the right of Theta Capricorni (θ Cap on the chart).
Bright Jupiter is over 20° above the southeast horizon, over 16° to the lower left of Saturn.
Both planets are bright. Jupiter outshines all the stars in the morning sky, while Saturn is dimmer than Jupiter, but brighter than most of the stars this morning.
Jupiter is also moving eastward compared to the sidereal background. It is in front of Aquarius. The Jovian Giant is 1.5° to the upper left of Iota Capricorni (ι Aqr) and 5.0° to the lower right of Ancha (θ Aqr), “the hip.”
The planet parade is interrupted by the sun’s brilliance. As the day unfolds, Jupiter and Saturn set in the west.
This evening, brilliant Venus, Mercury, Moon, and Mars are visible.
Detailed Note: Jupiter and Saturn continue to climb into the southeastern sky. One hour before sunrise, Saturn is nearly 25° above the south-southeast horizon. It is approaching θ Cap. The gap is 0.7° with the planet to the right of the star. Jupiter – over 20° up in the southeast – is 16.5° to the lower left of Saturn. The Jovian Giant is 1.5° to the upper left if ι Aqr and 5.0° to the lower right of Theta Aquarii (Ancha, θ Aqr, m = 4.2). The sun is in the sky for 14.5 hours. Three planets and the moon are visible after sunset. Start about 30 minutes after sundown. Brilliant Venus is over 5° above the west-northwest horizon. Use a binocular to locate the thin crescent moon (2.3d, 4%), 11.2° to the upper left of Venus. Mercury (m = 0.0) is 3.2° to the lower right of the lunar slice. As the sky darkens, the moon and Mercury are easier to locate, but Venus is lower. This may be the last evening to locate Aldebaran without optical assistance. By 45 minutes after sundown, Venus is 3.0° above the west-northwest horizon; the moon is 12.2° up; and Mercury is 11.4° in altitude. Mars – in Gemini over 32° up in the west – is about 25° to the upper left of the lunar crescent. By one hour after sunset, Venus is barely above the horizon. The moon is nearly 10° up, while Mercury is about 9° above the west-northwest horizon. The moon is 7.3° to the lower left of Elnath (β Tau, m = 1.6). Mars is 2.4° to the upper left of ε Gem and 4.4° to the right of ζ Gem.
Read more about the planets during May 2021.
morning sky before sunrise. Observe that the moon is in a different spot each morning, farther east toward the impending sunrise.
June 15, 2021: The moon is with the Sickle of Leo this evening. Step outside about an hour after sunset to find the crescent moon that is about 30% illuminated over one-third of the way up in the west.
July 12, 2021: Venus – Mars conjunction evening. Evening Star Venus passes 0.5° to the upper right of the Red Planet. The crescent moon is nearby. This is the first of three conjunctions of Venus and Mars – a triple conjunction.
July 1, 2021: Saturn and Mars are in opposite directions in the sky. Mars sets as Saturn rises. In about a week, the two planets are visible in the sky at the same time. This event signals that the planet parade is starting to reorganize. During July, three other planet – planet oppositions occur, leading up to a challenging view of the five bright planets during mid-August.
June 13, 2021: After sunset, look for the thin crescent moon near Mars. The lunar sliver is also to the upper left of the star Pollux.